Great question. The answer is (for Utah, where I practice divorce and family law), generally, no, your spouse is not entitled to half of property you inherited during the marriage.
Here is the answer for the jurisdiction where I practice law (Utah):
Premarital property, gifts, and inheritances may be viewed as separate property, and in appropriate circumstances, equity will require that each party retain the separate property brought to the marriage. However, the rule is not invariable. Burke v. Burke, 733 P.2d 133, 135 (Utah 1987) (footnotes omitted). Watson v. Watson, 837 P.2d 1 (Utah Ct. App. 1992).
In Utah, trial court making “equitable” property division pursuant to divorce statute should generally award property acquired by one spouse by gift and inheritance during marriage, or property acquired in exchange thereof, to that spouse, together with any appreciation or enhancement of its value, unless other spouse has by his or her efforts or expense contributed to enhancement, maintenance, or protection of that property, thereby acquiring equitable interest in it, or property has been consumed or its identity lost through commingling or exchanges or when acquiring spouse has made gift of interest therein to other spouse. Utah Code Ann. §30-3-5. Mortensen v. Mortensen, 760 P.2d 304 (Utah 1988).
Premarital property, gifts, and inheritances may be viewed as separate property, and in appropriate circumstances, equity will require that each party retain separate property brought to marriage; however, the rule is not invariable. Burke v. Burke, 733 P.2d 133 (Utah 1987).
In property division incident to divorce, inherited or donated property, including its appreciated value, is generally separate from marital estate and hence is left with receiving spouse. Burt v. Burt, 799 P.2d 1166 (Utah Ct. App. 1990).
Wife’s inheritance maintained its separate character even though inherited funds had been substantially changed in form, where inheritance was readily traceable to segregated accounts, portfolios and real estate. Burt v. Burt, 799 P.2d 1166 (Utah Ct. App. 1990).
As general rule, premarital property, gifts, and inheritances may be viewed as separate property when making distribution of property in divorce proceeding; however, in appropriate circumstances one spouse may be awarded property which other spouse brought into marriage. Naranjo v. Naranjo, 751 P.2d 1144 (Utah Ct. App. 1988).
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